So insomnia and children can be a little bit tricky to treat. Medications is generally contraindicated in children, so you need to maximize their sleep hygiene to help them sleep better at night. This includes keeping a strict sleep schedule with an adequate amount of sleep. Children generally need more sleep than adults at night. The reason why you don't want to use medication in the pediatric population is because there's not much research out there with the use of medication in this population.
Also, the reasons for their insomnia is quite different from adults. You know they don't have anxiety or depression as a common cause for their insomnia, whereas that may be a common cause of insomnia in the adult population. Besides, keeping a strict sleep schedule, you want to take out devices that may be delaying their sleep onset, which include the use of computer TV or the phone. These are all stimulating factors and the light from these devices will also hamper melatonin. Secretion melatonin is a hormone that helps us with sleep. Onset and light is a deactivating factor for melatonin. Now there are certain sleep disorders that must be ruled out in the pediatric population that might be contributing to insomnia, and this includes sleep apnea, which may cause fragmentation of their sleep if they're not breathing well at night and periodic limb movements or restless legs, which will Be generally a complaint of growing pains and there are legs and they may be kicking their legs at night because of periodic limb movements, and this may be fragmenting their sleep at night.